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  • Author(s): Mercadal, Trudy, PhD
  • Source:
    Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 2p.
  • Document Type:
  • Subject Terms:
  • Additional Information
    • Abstract:
      An essay is a text usually presented in the form of a nonfiction literary exercise. It is elaborated in an authorial voice that presents as authentic a subjective mode of expression, or narrated personal experience, and may range from the stylistically disordered to the very structured. The term “essay” comes from the French word essayer, which means to practice or to try out something. This word, in turn, derives from the Latin exagere, which means to weigh something. These terms refer to the essay’s typical invitation to ponder and reflect. Many scholars consider Michel de Montaigne (1533–92) to be the founder of the essay as a genre. The essay became one of the preeminent writing modes of the Renaissance and is still considered an important mode of written expression in modern times.
    • Full Text Word Count:
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  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MERCADAL, T., PhD. Essay. Salem Press Encyclopedia, [s. l.], 2019. Disponível em: Acesso em: 14 dez. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Mercadal T PhD. Essay. Salem Press Encyclopedia. 2019. Accessed December 14, 2019.
    • APA:
      Mercadal, T., PhD. (2019). Essay. Salem Press Encyclopedia. Retrieved from
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Mercadal, Trudy, PhD. 2019. “Essay.” Salem Press Encyclopedia.
    • Harvard:
      Mercadal, T., PhD (2019) ‘Essay’, Salem Press Encyclopedia. Available at: (Accessed: 14 December 2019).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Mercadal, T, PhD 2019, ‘Essay’, Salem Press Encyclopedia, viewed 14 December 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Mercadal, Trudy, PhD. “Essay.” Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. EBSCOhost,
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Mercadal, Trudy, PhD. “Essay.” Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Mercadal T PhD. Essay. Salem Press Encyclopedia [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Dec 14]; Available from: